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Our major energy proposals, with estimated costs and benefits, are as follows.
Public investment in research and development for new energy technologies may be necessary to accelerate their deployment and displace established technologies with severe environmental costs. See our nuclear page and our ocean energy page for details on the costs and benefits of bringing new technologies to market.
Our figures for the costs and benefits of carbon pricing are based on analysis of several recent proposals in the United States Congress. See our review of carbon pricing for more details.